INTERPOL, or more technically and correctly known, International Criminal Police Organization, or ICPO, exists for the purpose of fighting criminal organizations with a transnational ring of crime agenda. The ICPO furnishes its services for the protection of the Universal Rights and Duties of all 190 of its member nations (www.interpol.int, n.d.).
Human trafficking seems to be an area of interest for some criminal organizations. Note that this is a criminal organization crime of choice for many reasons. One of these reasons exists within the municipal or statutory laws of a nation. A nation which has laws criminalizing illegal migration are the territories of choice to the organizations experienced in human trafficking. These organizations take advantage of the statutes criminalizing illegal migration to exercise coercive and physically threatening behaviors against their victims. The victims are usually people wanting to leave their country of nationality and to establish a new life in a different country. Because it is illegal to enter a specified country, the criminal organization exploits the illegal immigrant by exposing him to labor for the fee of having transported him/her to the new country.
The negative impact on the global society is enormous. Trafficking in human persons goes against everything the family nations exercise for the protection of their nation-states. This sort of activity is neglectful of kindness, but it is also neglectful of duties to others and rights of others. Therefore, it contradicts the Universal Rights and Duties of nations. When one person from a nation does something contrary to the duties of that nation and the rights of the people of that nation, they are in violation of international law. The reason for this is that citizens of a nation are part of the whole. If one citizens is in the wrong, all are in the wrong – U Pluribus Unum. The International Criminal Police Organization is responsible for bringing such individuals and their organizations to justice. However, it can be a delicate job because not every nation-state on this earth accepts the jurisdiction of the ICPO. Those that acknowledge the presence of an international police organization still control how much it can do within their jurisdiction, often leaving the local police to deal with the criminal matters on their own.
It is for this reason that ICPO is mostly used as a central intelligence unit for all other policing, especially on matters concerning internal affairs of some nation-states, i.e., the United States. The ICPO supplies other policing organizations with information regarding certain criminals, criminal organizations, and criminal activities at the local and international level (www.interpol.int, n.d.). The local policing organizations utilize this information to create methods adequate to fight a variety of crimes, and to apprehend suspects. The ICPO is responsible for supplying nation-states’ policing organizations with the proper education on how to handle certain criminalities (www.interpol.int, n.d.).
The successes INTERPOL/ICPO has had during the decades has been exemplary, especially where cyber crimes necessitate a countering action by well-organized crime prevention organizations. The successes outweigh the failures this organization has had. The focus on failures is therefore internal and rectified through training and application of newer methods to combat the crime at which the organization has failed control. The methods used by ICPO to restrict failure are not new. They still depend on the apprehension and questionings of suspects, plea bargaining for restitution in place of cooperation, and other methods known to many policing organizations around this earth. Every organization will have its failures, but these failures are needed to grow in wisdom and better methods of crime prevention. This is why policing organizations like ICPO may depend on non-governmental organizations to establish or bridge the gap between the rest of society and the agency. Everyone is made responsible for the success of an organization such as ICPO.
NGOs or non-governmental organizations have established a powerful stance in combating crime, and enforcing valuable changes in the policing environment (Lewington, L., & Olsen, A., 1994). Without NGOs, policing organizations would not be as prepared to combat certain criminalities as they are today. For instance, human trafficking would still be as obscure a crime as it had been a few decades before if not for the resiliency of NGOs’ in trying to affect the way this crime is taken into account, at the international level.
The ICPO is highly adapted to technological advances. Their advanced technologies allow for simultaneous data-retrieval telecommunications protocol from anywhere on this earth (www.interpol.int, n.d.). The challenges exits within the technological realm itself. Cyber-terrorism, cyber-sabotage, and such others cyber-crimes exist and are a constant challenge for this and other agencies. These issues claim a lot of resources to handle, not control. A massive amount of manpower is needed to encapsulate each of these cyber problems because as technology advances, so does the crime. This means that the organization has to try to be a few steps ahead of the curve. With so many cyber-brilliant criminals on this earth, it might be virtually impossible to succeed at controlling such a vast problem. However, the organization still tries.
In conclusion, INTERPOL is a humble looking organization from the outside, but its focus on preventing and fighting crime is enormous and critical to preserving the peace among the family of nation-states. In short, it is now an integral part of local policing organizations, but it is the hope that local organizations can someday become as intricate as INTERPOL when conducting criminal deterrence activities.
www.interpol.int (n.d.). About INTERPOL. Retrieved June 30, 2013, from www.interpol.int/About-INTERPOL/Name-and-logo
Lewington, L., & Olsen, A. (1994). International police cooperation on crimes committed against children. Retrieved July 1, 2013, from http://ehis.ebscohost.com.library.gcu.edu