Although the Second Empire-style Nichols house has been demolished, there are a number of fine homes in Maywood from late in the 19th Century and early in the 20th Century. Eight of them are on the National Register of Historic Places: the Mrs. Henry F. Akin House, the Jacob Bohlander House, the Richard Cluevner House, the William Frangenheim House, the William & Caroline Gibbs House, the Caroline Grow House, the Mads C. Larson House, and the Timothy J. Lynch House.
A tenth building in Maywood is also on the National Register of Historic Places, the Masonic Temple at 200 Fifth Avenue. Today, it houses the Village of Maywood Parks & Recreation Department.
The population of Maywood more than doubled between 1920 and 1930 with 12,076 residents in 1920 and 26,000 residents in 1930. In 1929, the Illinois National Guard built the Maywood Armory, which stood on Madison Avenue.
In 1940, 122 men of the 33rd Tank Company, Illinois National Guard (Company B) were federalized. As active-duty service members, they fought in the U.S. Army’s 192nd Tank Battalion, which went to the Philippines in December of 1941 to defend the archipelago, then an American commonwealth.
They fought to defend the island of Luzon’s strategic Bataan peninsula, which helps form Manila Bay, and Corregidor Island, which is a smaller island at the mouth of Manila Bay, in the three-month-long Battle of Bataan. The survivors had the misfortune to be captured by the Japanese Imperial Army, which regarded soldiers who surrendered as contemptible.
In April of 1942, they and other Filipino and American POWs went on the Bataan Death March. Only forty-one of the men from Maywood survived to return.
This is why, from 1942 to 1987, Maywood had Bataan Day Parades on the second Sunday of September. It is also why there is a Bataan Park at 22nd Avenue and Lexington Avenue.
In September of 1992, the Maywood Bataan Day Organization sponsored the 50th Anniversary Banquet. On September 12, 1999, a Veterans Memorial was dedicated at First Avenue and Oak Street.
In 2012, the Maywood Bataan Day Organization and Village of Maywood marked Maywood Bataan Day on Sunday, September 9th at 3:00 p.m. with a memorial service in Maywood Veterans Memorial Park. Tina Valentino noted in an article the annual memorial service has come to encompass American veterans of other wars and Filipino-Americans from the Chicago area.
The population of Maywood peaked at 30,036 in 1970. By 2000, it had fallen to 26,987. The U.S. Census Bureau reported that in 2000, 82.7% of Maywood residents were Black, 9.7% were White, and 10.5% were Hispanic or Latino (regardless of race).