Easy peasy will it be for you to learn to name the notes on piano in this informative guide. Please look at and follow the list guide for the steps that have been all broken down. Just follow them one by one.
Musical notes use the alphabet from A through G, (seven letters). And this applies to all music or any instrument.
The alphabet notes:
A B C D E F G
The familiar solfege:
Do Re Mi Fa Sol La Si or (Ti) [also heard in the film ‘The Sound of Music’]
If you are familiar with solfege which are the do, re, mi etc. then these are the equivalents to their letter names, I will start it off from the Do:
Do – Re – Mi – Fa – Sol – La – Si/Ti
C – D – E – F – G – A – B
The familiar sound of the solfege scale starts and ends on the same note/solfege. Do to Do.
(do re mi fa sol la si do) back home to its Do.
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7 white key note names
The piano consists of 7 white key note names:
Here pictured are the notes C – D – E – F – G – A – B
(C starts on the left of the first black key in the picture)
The musical alphabet only contains the first 7 letters from the regular alphabet: (A-G) A B C D E F G
These are the notes you will be using in reading and playing music, it is universal to all instruments and voice.
You can recognize the note names of the white keys by looking at the black keys. The black keys are the guide to the piano.
They are grouped together in two and three (look at the picture).
Once you learn these 7 notes, the rest on the piano are the same, in lower or higher registers, but the names are the same.
Imagine this picture of the 7 white keys with the 5 black keys are cloned over and over again next to each other, and that’s what forms the entire piano.
Naming the black keys
Here are the 5 black keys between C and B.
Recap of white keys in order are C D E F G A B
(Ex. The first white key in the picture is C, the next is D and so forth.)
The black keys actually share two names depending on what scale group they are a part of.
They have a SHARP name and a FLAT name.
Think about what the words mean: Sharp is up, Flat is down. On the piano moving to the right (higher pitches) is sharp, and to the left (lower towards the bass) is flat.
Here is the easy way to find out:
- Hold the black key and look at both sides of it (there’s a white key on each side).
- If I am holding a black key between F and G, then its names are F sharp, and G flat. (F goes up to F sharp, G goes down G flat)
Symbols: (written form and symbol form)
Sharp = #
Flat = b
Here is the layout of the piano in its entirety of 88 keys.
Look and see the groups of two and three black keys and how the pattern just repeats itself. When broken down the way I showed it on the picture in list page 1, it doesn’t seem as overwhelming to learn the names of the keys.
There are 12 tones in music, the seven white keys and the five black keys. You just repeat these notes in lower or higher registers
Another easy thing to remember or resort to is that the very first note on the piano is the letter A. For that reason this is the only spot where the black key is by itself.
The very last note on a piano is the letter C.
If you start from the beginning of the piano counting only the white keys from Letter A, it will go A B C D E F G, and then of course back to A again and repeat as such. A B C D E F G A B C D E F G etc..to the very end then you will reach the C.