Daylight Saving ends this Sunday at 2 a.m. with an extra hour of sleep, but not all states have the end of Daylight Saving Time. Since the federal government does not require U.S. states or territories to observe Daylight Saving Time, “residents of Arizona (except for residents of the Navajo Indian Reservation), Hawaii, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and the Northern Marianas Islands won’t need to change their clocks this weekend,” reports National Geographic on Oct. 28, 2013.
So, if you are traveling to any of the above states or territories, keep in mind that Daylight Saving Time does not end there and that their clock will stay the same.
In comparison to the United States, Daylight Saving ended in Europe and the Middle East already last week while in the southern hemisphere, Daylight Saving Time just began in in Brazil, Chile, Australia, and New Zealand earlier this month when their clocks went forward.
The end of Daylight Saving Time (DST) — and being able to set the clock back one hour from 2 a.m. to 1 a.m. — has many people wondering why and how someone came up with the idea of changing the clock.
Historically, Benjamin Franklin is often credited with the idea of the beginning and end of Daylight Saving Time. However, while Benjamin Franklin observed the benefits of saving time, or more specifically saving candles, during a trip to Paris in 1784, it was not until 1895 that an entomologist from New Zealand named George Vernon Hudson proposed the idea of changing the clock during the beginning and end of Daylight Saving Time.
In the United States, the beginning and end of Daylight Saving Time was closely related to both World Wars and the attempt to conserve energy. It was Germany who first observed Daylight Saving Time during World War I in an effort to conserve fuel. The first time Daylight Saving Time officially came into existence was on May 1, 1916. Soon other European countries followed and by 1918, the United States instituted Daylight Saving Time with the Standard Time Act of 1918.
Even though most people enjoy getting an extra hour of sleep when Daylight Saving Time ends, the controversy whether changing the time is healthy or harmful is continuing and some states are wondering whether it is worth the trouble.
Proponents for Daylight Saving Time say that the extra daylight during the summer months encourages activities outside, saves energy, and reduces television watching.
Opponents to Daylight Saving Time argue that the change in time during the beginning and end of Daylight Saving Time has harmful effects on “our circadian body clocks,” causes havoc with people’s travel schedules, and that the energy saved in the summer by the extended hour is actually wiped out by using more energy during the dark early morning hour.
The only thing that most people do agree on when it comes to Daylight Saving Time is that it is always nice to get an extra hour of sleep at the end of Daylight Saving, and “that we definitely should have more of those.”